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㹡ûͧѹФǺäԴͧ͢

äԴ͔ (Noncommunicable diseases, NCDs) ¶֧ äԴҡԴͧ͡ҧ Դѧؤ äǹ˭˵آͧ纻ѧ
äԴ͔ ͡ù ӡѴ੾ ä ) äʹʹ ( 㨢Ҵʹ ѹԵ٧ ʹպᵡͧ äҧ 繼Ҩҡʹպѹ) ) äҹäǹ ) ä ) äʹѧ ( äا觾ͧäʹشѧ äͺ״) ǹ˭ҡäԴ ջѨ§ѹǹ˭ ĵԡآҾԶժԵ ú÷ռµآҾ ٺ աԨҧ·§ лѨ§ҡҾǴҧҾзҧѧ

͸Ժ
äԴ͔ Դѧ ҡ¡ҡ äԴ͔ Communicable diseases äԴҡäöԴ͡ѹԴкҴ Ѵ ҵä ʹյ äԴ繻ѭآҾӤѭҡ ˵ѡͧõ¡͹ѹ Ѩغѹ äǺлͧѹäԴջԷҾҡ 㹢зäԴҡ˵آͧõ¡͹ѹҡ ǹ˭ԴҡĵԡͧǴ¹
äԴ͔ Non communicable diseases (NCDs) ҡ㹡÷Ӥ͹ҹҪҵ͡äǺлͧѹ .. (..) ѧҡº Health for All by the Year 2000 ǹ˭ǡѺäǺäԴ աҧǷҧѹ Health for All in the 21st century 鹡äǺäԴ 繻ѭӤѭ᷹ѭäԴʹյ 㹻Ѩغѹ äԴ͔ ҧԴԴҨҡõԴ
Ӥѭͧѭ
. äԴ˵ѡͧªԵ͹ѹ㹻Ѩغѹ 駢ͧЪҡšлЪҪ ѧҧͧ ˵آͧªԵ͹ѹ (͡͹ ) ֧ ͧªԵͧЪҡš[] ͧªԵ (͹ѹ) ͧЪҡ[] ҴóҡªԵҡäԴͧ͢Ъҡš鹨ҡ ҹ .. ҹ㹻 ..͡ҡѧдҹآҾҡ纻зؾҾ
. 㹻 ӹǹ¨ҡäԴҧǴ ҡҹż㹷ѺѡҵçҺŢͧзǧҸóآ[] §Ժͧҧ -[] ըӹǹ¨ҡäѧ鹴ѧ ä㨢Ҵʹ . äѹԵ٧ . äʹʹͧ . äҹ . ä秵Ѻ . äا觾ͧ .
. ¨ӹǹҡաû¨ҡäԴվĵԡ§ ŨҡǨ· բ .. Ъҡü˭ ѹԵ٧֧ . ҹ֧ . ˹ѡԹäǹ֧ . 㹻Ъҡ˭ԧ . 㹻Ъҡê ӹǹҡվĵԡ§͡Դä㹡 § . дѺԨҧҧ§ § . ͧЪҡê § . ͧЪҡ˭ԧѡмҧ§ 㹢зЪҡ¶֧ . . кٺ ͡ҡӹǹЪҡ÷վĵԡ§ѧѧշȷҧա ҧ ..- ӹǹЪҡê·չ˹ѡԹäǹ鹶֧ Ъҡ˭ԧ .
. äԴѧ繻Ѩ¤ءӤѭ͡þѲɰԨѧ 駨ҡšзͤسҾͧЪҡ ٭·ҧɰԨҡªԵ͹ѹ ´ҹآҾѧͧạѺ ŵͤҡдѺؤ ͺѧ µͧ٭¤㹡ѡҾҺżäѡŤҡ . ʹҹҷ㹻 ..[] յ鹷عѧҡѨ§Ӥѭ ô , ҹҷ, ٺ , ҹҷ, äǹ , ҹҷ СâҴԨҧ , ҹҷ
ʶҹó㹵ҧ 㹡äǺä
. ҹ͹дѺҹҪҵ㹡ûͧѹФǺäԴ͹ ͧ͹š ¡ǹͧҪԡ֧ ѹ͹ͻͧѹФǺ äԴ͔ աûЪоѲѹҧͧ ѹʹѺʹعҪԡ㹡Ŵ纻 ԡ Сõ¡͹ѹ ѹͧҨҡ äԴ͔ ѹѺͧ طʵšͻͧѹФǺäԴ(Global strategy for the prevention and control of non-communicable diseases) .. (..) Ѻͧ ἹԺѵԡдѺš㹡ûͧѹФǺäԴ (Global Action Plan for NCD Prevention and Control 2013-2020) 繵 ѹѴӹºǷҧԺѵԡѹ 㹡èѴûѨ§ѡͧäԴ ԨҧآҾ 繵
. дѺҹҪҵ㹡ûͧѹФǺäԴ ҨҡŢͧͧ͹šʴ äǹ˭ҡäԴ ˵Ҩҡ ) äӤѭ äʹʹ ä äҹ äʹѧ 觤ͺ֧ ͧªԵҡäԴͷ ) ¹ŧӤѭ ҧ ФѹԵ٧, й˹ѡԹäǹ, йӵʹ٧ ѹʹ٧, ) Ѩ§ҧĵԡӤѭ Ѩ ٺ, ô, ĵԡú÷ СաԨҧ·§ èѴáѺ·ӤѭԺͧ (ͷ¡ èѴẺ x x ) 㨔 ͧûͧѹФǺäԴ йҨöŴäҡäԴҡ֧ ͧ 駹¤ѧèѴäлѨ§
. .. ͧ͹š йҪԡӤѭѺҵá÷ջԷԼФ٧ ҵá 㹡ûͧѹФǺäԴ ͻҪԡԨóǷҧ͡Ẻº͡èѴáѺѨ§ ҵá÷ôԹҡش/դ٧ (Best Buys) ҵá÷ôԹ/դ (Good Buys) ͧŧ ǹ繡ôԹдѺЪҡ ҤԹ Ҷ֧Թ ÷ӡԨҧõҴСɳ СóçҸó ôԹʶҹӧҹʶҹСͺ èѴкԡآҾǢͧ 繵 駹 ¤ҡèѴäԴдѺؤ 蹡äѴͧ ѡ դӤѭ §ҵáдѺؤջԷԼФҹ¡
ҵá÷ôԹ÷ش/դ٧
(Best buys) ҵá÷ôԹ/դ
(Good buys)
) ҵáäͧآҾͧٺҡѹ ) Ҷ֧ԡêԡٺ
) ҵáអͧٺ ) ҵáäǺĵԡѺҹ˹ѧô
) ҵááɳС⺠) ҵááäѴͧкӺѴѡҧ
) ҵááâٺ ) ҵáäǺطõҴҹͧ
) ҵááäǺҶ֧ҧҾͧͧš ) ҵáŴúѹ
) ҵááäǺɳͧš ) ҵá÷ҧҤ
) ҵá÷ҧҤͧš, ) ҵáӻ֡кԡû

ҵá÷ôԹ÷ش/դ٧
(Best buys) ҵá÷ôԹ/դ
(Good buys)
) ҵáŴú ) ҵáآ֡Ҵҹĵԡúʶҹӧҹ
) ҵáŴúѹҹ ) ҵáĵԡç¹
) ҵáóçҸóдҹĵԡú ) ҵáաԨҧ

) óçҸóաԨҧ ) ҵáաԨҧ¼ҹäҤ
) ҵááûͧѹä秵ѺѤչѺѡʺ ) ҵáաԨҧ¼ҹкԡû
) ҵáաԨҧʶҹӧҹ
) ҵáաԨҧç¹
. èѴûЪѪ˻ЪҪҵ㹻繡ûͧѹФǺäԴ ͡ѹ¹ .. ռдѺ٧ҡȷš (иҹҸԺ й¡Ѱ) ֧ Ъ աʴѹ繾ѹѭҢͧҪԡ ʴਵ èѴûѭäԴͨ繵ͧ¤ͨҡءҤǹ öѴ㹢ͺࢵͧҤآҾҹ ФաúóҡçҹآҾҡѺº ἹѲɰԨѧ ءдѺ (Health in all policies) еͧѧͧŻªѺ͹ (conflict of interest) ͧǢͧ㹡èѴäԴѧлѨ§
. 㹡ûЪѧ աͺͧ͹š¤ͧ͢Ҫԡ ѲҡͺõԴ˹㹡ûͧѹФǺäԴ СͺǪѴẺѤдѺš (Global monitoring framework for NCD including Indicator and voluntary targets) ѺѺͧҡѪ͹š Ѫ˻ЪҪҵ .. 駹 ԴҡôԹҹҧԪҡâͧͧ͹šѺҪԡԨóҷ駴ҹФʹͧ͡ѹСѹ ѡɳѤѺҪԡ ;ԨóѺͧ/ͻѺاСѺԺͧȵͧ ҧ·Դ͡Ҫԡ͡ǪѴѺԺФͧͧ
. ͺǪѴ ѧǻСͺ ǪѴ дѺš ͷеͧ㹻 .. հҹҡ Ǵ ) ٧ش Ŵѵҵѵһ ) ·繡㹡ú٧شաỴѹСͺ Ѩ§ ¡èѴкԡдѺҵ (͡ѪآҾ / /ǡ )
. Ҥ-ѹ͡ դ͹ǷʹͧѹѺдѺš þѲἹԺѵԡûͧѹФǺäԴͻШҤͧͧ͹šШҤ-ѹ͡ (South-East Asia Regional Action Plan for NCD Prevention and Control -) աѺͧ дѺš ˹дѺҤ 㹡Ŵзҧҡ㹤͹ (indoor air pollution)
ºҵáСôԹ÷Ǣͧͧ
. ôԹûͧѹФǺäԴдѺҵԢͧ շ駤͹㹢ͺࢵͧкآҾФҧͧ㹡¡дѺӤѭͧѭäԴ ҧ仡ҹº´ҹآҾ ӤѭѺäԴ㹸٭ҴкآҾ觪ҵ .. ǴûͧѹФǺäлѨ·ءآҾ ἹѲɰԨѧ觪ҵԩѺ ἹطʵآҾԶժԵ .. ἹѲкԡآҾ ..- ֧͹㹡䡢ͧѪآҾ觪ҵ 蹡þѲطʵ㹡èѴûѨ§ҧ ѺѺͧҡѪآҾ觪ҵԴ طʵèѴûѭй˹ѡԹäǹ (ѪآҾ . ), طʵºšдѺҵ (ѪآҾ . ), طʵäǺٺ觪ҵ ..- (ѪآҾ . ) ʹͺطʵèѴôҹâͧ ..- С觪ҵ 駹ҹ˹§ҹ˹§ҹǢͧ˹§ҹҤѰͧзǧҸóآ ˹§ҹзԹҧآҾҧ ӹѡҹͧعʹѺʹعҧآҾ (.) ͢¤ͨҡҤǹ ͢¤ǺäԴ (NCD Network) ͢͡ҤЪҪӧҹ੾ͤǺѨ§ҧ ͢Թҹ ͧ͢ç ͢¤ا ͢Ŵ 繵
. ҡ÷ǹŢͧзӧҹǹ觢еǪѴҹûͧѹФǺäԴ ¡ûҹҹͧ͢¤ǺäԴ (NCD Network) դ㹡õԴ˹㹡ú дѺš 㹡ûͧѹФǺäԴ; հҹŷҡ·ԴäлѨ§ ŷ¹õ ӹѡºطʵ ǨآлЪҪ ѧĵԡ§äԴСúҴ ǨĵԡٺСôšͧЪҡ¢ͧӹѡҹʶԵ觪ҵ ҧáѧդ㹡þѲк§ҹѧͧҧóҡҡ ͡ҡ鹤зӧҹѧԨó͡ǪѴͧʹͧѺԺͧ (͡ѪآҾ / / ǡ )
ͨӡѴͧôԹҹ Ƿҧѭ
. 㹻¨طʵἹԺѵԡ㹡èѴáѺäԴлѨ§ ҹôԹҹͧ˹§ҹ͢͢·ӧҹ ѧҡôԹҹǹѧҨ㹷ȷҧǡѹ ѧҴõѹ ѧҴкõԴԹТѺ͹ûԺѵԡѹдѺȷ͡Ҿ ʹͧ͡ѹСѹ ֧秢ͧùӹº任ԺѵѧԴҧԧѧ
. 繷ҺѹҡèѴáѺäԴлѨ§ѡ繨еͧ¡÷ӧҹѹҡҤǹ ҧáôԹҹͻͧѹФǺäԴ ǹ˭ѡӡѴ§ҤآҾҤѰҹ ա駡ôԹҹѡդѴਹ੾дѺҵ Ҥǹҧ ҤЪѧ Ҥ͡ Ҥͧ ҧ ѧҴǹСʴѡҾ㹡кǹ÷ҹ ͡ҡ鹤èաСкǹ㹡þѲѡҾͧǹǢͧҧ㹡èѴäԴͷдѺзͧ
. ͹дѺҹҪҵ ੾СѺͧ дѺš 㹡äǺлͧѹäԴ ͡㹡ҧкǹèѴäԴлѨ§㹻 ջԷҾлԷԼҡ ҨǷҧѧ仹
. þѲطʵ ֧¡ûͧѹФǺäԴдѺҵ ¾ԨóʹͧѺطʵἹԺѵԡ֧ͺǪѴ¡ûͧѹФǺäԴдѺšдѺҤ ҧǹҡءҤǹ
. þѲҤ秢ͧк§ҹ ԴѧôԹͻͧѹФǺäԴ 觢˹§ҹѺԴͺ 駡ͺ㹡Ѵ
. þѲաдѺҵдѺͧ蹷鹡ǹҡءҤǹ 㹡ôԹûͧѹФǺäԴлѨ§Ӥѭ кǹþѲҹº á˹·дѺҵзͧ ùӹº任Ժѵ 駡õԴ˹СûԹ㹡ôԹҧ еͧдѺҵ ª٧شҡѾҡ Скǹ ֧ºطʵͧͷ Сŧعǹ ֧þѲѡҾͧǢͧ
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