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ʹ·ҧ: 䢻ѭҨҡաӨѴѵپת
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() èѴäسҾûԺѵԷҧɵ÷Ѻת (Good Agricultural Practice::GAP) ¶֧ҵðҹûԺѵԷҧɵ÷ѹҵðҹҧФͺûԺѵԷҧɵ÷㹷ء鹵͹üԵԹдѺ֧üԵдѺɵá
() շҧɵ 㹷¤੾ջͧѹӨѴѵپת ѡҾת
ʶҹó:
. 繻ɵá Ъҡá ͧЪҡ÷СͺҪվɵá ɵҤüԵǢͧѺԵѲͧЪҪǹ˭ ѧ鹡á˹ºС·ǢͧѺɵ ੾Сûٻк¡äǺӡѺâ鹷¹աӨѴѵپתջԷҾ Ǵ еͧӤѭѺкǹǹͧǹ ֧èѴäسҾûԺѵԷҧɵ÷Ѻת鹵 ͨҫѵشԺʹ㹡ù任Сͺè֧ͧз´ǹ ͧ»觼ԵӤѭͧšöԵҡ й͡ҡԵ㹻ҳ§͵͡ú㹻 ѧԹ͡仢ѧҧȴ 繼͡Թɵ÷Ӥѭͧš ѵҡԺ»ҳ ͻ Ѵǹ͡Թɵá͡͡ҳ ͧŤҡ͡
. շҧɵèջª͡äǺкҴͧäŧѵپתдѺ˹ դ繾µͧ СͺѺշ١ͧͧɵáü С»Ȩҡºҵáá·ǺǴ â»ȨҡѺԴͺ ֧觼šзآҾɵá Ǵ ѧ ʹҧ٭ŷҧɰԨ աշҧɵ٧鹷ء 繻Ѩ¡üԵɵáǹ˭ 㹻 ¹շҧɵ ੾ûͧѹӨѴѵپתԴ繻ҳ͡ķ , ѹ Ť , ҹҷ ṡáӨѴŧ , ѹͧ͡ķ ûͧѹӨѴäת , ѹͧ͡ķ áӨѴѪת , ѹͧ͡ķ áӨѴѵپת , ѹͧ͡ķ ¶ººѺѴǹ÷ӡɵ÷ ͡ɵ÷ɵԹ쾺ɵá㹻㹡üԵѴǹ֧ ·ɵ÷ɵԹ ֧
. Ҫԡͧáäš (World Trade Organization : WTO) 㹻 աúѧѺŧҹآ͹آ͹¾ת (Agreement on the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measure: SPS) ˹ԡȵҧ ҵáôҹҵðҹФʹ ǺùԹɵͻͧùԹҷաû͹ ͡ҡǻѭҴҹʹ¢ͧСШ äǺ û͹չ㹹繵 ҵͧҧкʹ¢ͧä͡кúèѴä§дѺԵ ǺżԵ úèպ ٻ ͧ仨֧ (From Farm to Table) 㹴ҹüԵ 觼ԵѡǷҧͧɵ˻ЪҪҵ (Food and Agriculture Organization : FAO) ҵðҹҧ (Codex) ؤŷǷҧѴäسҾûԺѵԷҧɵ÷դʹµͼ (GAP) ֧բ͵ŧҧȷǢͧµç ͹ѭ͵Ҵ¡кǹ駢ǧ˹ѺѹջͧѹӨѴѵپתѵҧԴ㹡äҧ ͹ѭʵ͡Ҵžɷ赡ҧǹҹ

Ӥѭͧѭ:
. ùշҧɵâͧ٧鹷ء 㹨ӹǹաӨѴѵپתȾѲǷ駷ҧѹ ѹ͡ ͹ҹ¹СԵ 鹷¹ ) ⺿ҹ - Ѱԡ ᤹Ҵ չ ǫŹ Э ) - ҪҳҨѡ ԹŹ ٪ ԧ Թ (ҧٵ) ) ⵿ - Ҿû ѹ Թ ҡʶҹ ѧ ᤹Ҵ ǫŹ ԧ ԻԹ ) վ - Ѱԡ Ҿû ѹ ٪ Թⴹ Թ ǫŹ ᤹Ҵ ´ ԧ ԻԹ ѧ Դբ;٨ѴҧԷʵСᾷѹçآҾ
. кǹâ鹷¹շҧɵâҴԷҾ еѡǡ͹աùաӨѴѵپת͹Ҩ˹㹵Ҵ鹨еͧաâ͢鹷¹ѵѹ·ҧɵ (ἹҾ ) 觵СȡԪҡɵͧ˹´ ѡࡳ Ըաâ鹷¹ ͡ӤѭСõӤѭâ鹷¹ѵѹ·Ԫҡɵ繼ѺԴͺ .. â鹷¹ѵѹ 鹵͹ ÷ͧͧ ͷҺԷҾ žºѹоɵҧ ÷ͧǤҸԵзҺžлҹҧоѧ СûԹŢشѺ鹷¹ѵѹ ͷҺԷҾ ʹµ Ǵ оѧ ѵ췴ͧ աӨѴѵپת Դҧբ;٨ѴѹçآҾ 觵Ҫѭѵѵѹ .. ҵ 龹ѡҹ˹ҷѺ鹷¹ѵѹ ͹ҨԴѹؤ ѵ ת Ѿ Ǵ ԸյԵ÷лͧѹ 㹢зѧա͹حҵաӨѴѵپתҡ͹˹ѹ ԧҤ ֧աӨѴѵپת Դҧö仾ҧ͹ա շ͡ҡ繵ਵͧ·ͧäͧآТͧЪҪ ѧҨ٭µҴԹɵҧȴ¨ҡû͹աӨѴѵپתҹԹɵ÷仢µҧȨ١աѺ
ἹҾ 鹷ҧС·ǺաӨѴѵپתâ͢鹷¹ѵѹ·ҧɵ ùѧҡѺâ鹷¹ üԵкèѳ õҴШѴ˹ ŧɵá Сõҧ

. ͡ҡ úѧѺҪѭѵѵѹ (Ѻ ) .. ҵ ˹յ᷹ͧҸóªջʺóôԹҹҹäͧآҾ͹ ҹäͧ ҹɵá׹ ҹèѴûѭѵѹ㹷ͧ ʹҹǴ 繼çسز㹤Сѵѹ¹ ҨԹ㹷ҧѴਵͧ·ԴҧѺкǹǹͧҤЪѧ ͧҡռǹǹ繤Сѵѹ㹰ҹе᷹ͧͧҸóлª쨹ҨþԨóҵҧ ҴԺ ӹ֧֧ûͧͧآлЪҪ ѧ Ǵ ʹԴŻªѺ͹ (Conflict of Interest) ٭·ҧآҾͧЪҪ
. աûѺاҵðҹá˹һҳþɵҧ٧ش (Maximum Residue Limits: MRL) ͺþɵҧӤѭǢͧѺԹɵҡ¡зǧɵˡó СзǧҸóآ ҡ䢤һҳþɵҧ٧ش MRL ѧöҧʹѺҧ ͧҡá˹ MRL ͡äҧѹջȤ繼˹ҵðҹʹǡкǹüԵõʹǧդʹµçҵðҹ˹ 㹢з㹻ʶҹóҧѹҡ÷աõǨաӨѴѵپת͹Թҵðҹ MRL 駢ͧ Ҿû ͹繾ͧͧ
. ʹ·ҧâͧԴҧǹҹ ѧաèѴٹҧ͹´ҹâͧ·öҸóѹʶҹó ҨաèѴк͹´ҹ (Food Alert System of Thailand: FAST) 㹻 觾ѲҨҡк͹ԹâͧҾû (Rapid Alert System for Food and Feed: RASFF) 㹡ôԹҹ繡͹ѧ˹§ҹ͢Һ繢ͤ͢㹡ôԹ䢻ͧѹغѵԡóԴ鹡Ѻ˹ҷӡѺҹ ѧҴҸóҧ˹ѡзҧ͡㹡úͨöա§÷١͹ѹ·ҧ˹㹵Ҵѹǧ Ӥѭ FAST ѧҴúóҡèҡҤǹѧǢͧ ੾ɵáм
. ѰŨдԹûСºСµҧ ǢͧѺ 繡·͡ҾդǢͧѺ¡зǧ੾Сзǧɵˡó зǧҸóآ зǧصˡ Сзǧ Ҫѭѵѵѹ .. 繵 աշҧɵêԴ˹ Ҩª㹡Ԩ §ɵҧ 觼äǺù͡ɵ͡öԺѵ·Ƕ֧ջԷҾ Ź๵ķ㹡áӨѴǡѺ㹺ҹ ɵááѺҹӨѴŧŧ ʫաӨѴѪתժͷҧäһҳ , ҧѺʹɵááз觹§ҡշ١ͧʹ

šз
. šзҧآҾҡշҧɵդعçҡ ˹§ҹѰѺԴͺҹҵðҹԹɵ ੾ӹѡҹҵðҹԹɵ觪ҵ ͡ҵðҹèѴäسҾûԺѵԷҧɵ÷Ѻת (GAP) ԹªԴҵðҹѤ աóԹɵ÷͡ʹоõҧͧշҧɵ Ԫҡɵá͡СȺѧѺ͡ԹҴѧǵͧʴѺͧԹҨҡŧ١ѺѺͧҹ з¡Ѻѧ§٧ҡѺšзҧآҾҡúѡշҧɵõҧ ѧšǨѡʹ Դ ӻ й ǽѡ ѡҴ ѡ駨չ ѡ оԡԹ ҧþԹҢҴ˭ Ҵʴ öͧࢵا෾ҹ÷辺ҳաӨѴѵپתҧԹҵðҹͧҾû֧ 㹨ӹǹͤ⺿ҹ ⵿ վ ʹͧѺǨͧӹѡҹСҷ辺Ҽѡʴ㹡ا෾л ҧѵҡþաӨѴѵپתçҧ㹼ѡͧ»ʹþмѡͧ . . ӴѺ ͡ҡ鹼šõǨʹɵáá羺 աӨѴѵپתʹдѺ§ʹ ǡѺŵǨ㹻 ͧӹѡäҡûСͺҪվǴ 辺ɵáռŵǨʹࡳʹ§͡ԴѹͧҨҡաӨѴѵپת٧֧ . , ҡӹǹ , ҧչӤѭ 㹻 šǨɵáö֧ դ§ҧآҾѧǴ
. šзҧǴͧ¨ҡշҧɵ дѺѹç ͧҡաüԵСշҧɵ÷ѹդ繾٧觵ҧǴҹҹ ѧǺžԹõԴǨͺõҧͧշҧɵǴ㹾鹷ӽҧ㹻 - աõҧͧշҧɵ Թࡳҵðҹ ҹԷʵᾷ зǧҸóآ §ҹõǨշҧɵ觹ӼǴԹ㹻 Ҿ⴫Όҧ㹵ҧҾйӻлࢵا෾ҹл 㹻 سҾǴ§ҹõǨշҧɵ㹡⹿࿵Ф㹵ҧԹ ҡ 觹ӼǴԹdzҽҧ ֧鹢ͧշǨԹࡳҵðҹ

ҵá÷ҧйº·Ǣͧ:
. ҤѰաûСºἹ СºҹèѴҧͧ ҷ ) ºἹ躷ͧûͧѹӨѴѵپת ..- СͺطʵӤѭ ҹ äǺШѴѵѹ·ҧɵäúǧ Ԩ¾Ѳšз Сö·ʹ෤մҹûͧѹèѴѵپת ) طʵҵðҹʹԹɵ ..- ʹѺʹعԵкҵðҹҹʹ ) ἹطʵèѴ觪ҵ Ѻ ..- 觾ѲкáèѴ Ŵ§ѹ¨ҡմҹɵáдҹصˡ СʹкҷЪҪ㹡èѴ ἹѴž ..- ҧǹͧءҤǹ㹡èѴžɢͧ ա͡äǺСӡѺŴҹèѴ Ҫѭѵѵѹ .. ҪѭѵѡҤسҾǴ觪ҵ .. ҪѭѵԡҸóآ .. ҡúѧѺ顮йºҹѧջԷҾ§ͨҧʹ
. ֧ ѹ չҤ Ѱը繪ͺʹ͹º¡èѴջͧѹӨѴѵپתŴšзҧآҾ 褳СآҾ觪ҵʹ ѡӤѭ餳Сѵѹ˹§ҹǢͧЪҪǹ㹡ôԹҹͧ˹§ҹǢͧѺѵѹ աäǺɳТµçѵѹ·ҧɵ ѧաúѧѺ 㹢зùշҧɵ٧鹷ء ˹§ҹǢͧҨ繡зǧҳԪ зǧɵˡó зǧصˡ 繵 ҧҹѺº¹
. úèѴԡĵʹ¨ҡշҧɵѡдҹžѧạѺ Ǻž зǧѾҡøҵǴ ʹἹèѴž ..- 觤Ѱ繪ͺѹ չҤ աèѴǴҡշҧɵõдѺعçͧþɢͧԵѳŴ Եмշҧɵ͡è˹µͧҧѡСѹҧԹ繡ͧع㹡áӨѴշҧɵäҧ/Ҿ ÿ鹿㹡óԴغѵ¨ҡ Сê¤㹡óԴšзͪԵзѾԹͧЪҪǴ
. óçɵáûԺѵԵ GAP Сҹշҧɵ÷١ͧ Ҥ͡Ѻҡ͹˹ҹѹͤͧâͧӤѭҹآҾ ʹ Ǵ ͡ҵðҹ͡ ThaiGAP դʹºҵðҹҡ (GLOBALGAP) ͹żԵʹ ҵðҹ ThaiGAP Ѻתѡʴ觶þ鹰ҹӤѭ ҵðҹѧǤͺкúШѴä§㹡üԵҧúǧ äѴ͡紾ѹ Թ êŻзҹ èѴѵپת ǡз觼żԵ͡ҡաèѹ֡ҧԺѵԧҹ ԸշջԷҾ㹡õǨͺ͹Ѻ¡׹Թ աùҵðҹ ThaiGAP ҧٻͻ Ҥһա繼ѡѹ 繡˹㹡ҧʹ㹼ѡмʴкúèѴ÷դѴਹ ö¼ҧ׹ 駹֧кС䡡âѺ͹ ThaiGAP ҵáѤ ǹӤѭԴ觢ѹҧäҧ׹繡ùӡкǹС䡷ǢͧҤ͡һԺѵѹ 觢¼Ƕ֧ٻ觼ŴյҾѡɳͧ㹡繤š (Kitchen of the World) 繡ҧ㹤سҾФʹԹɵâͧ¡ѺҴм ͧҡҳͧѡʴع¹кһա ੾ЫػҧþԹҵҧ ѴǹŤҶ֧ ͧҳ㹻
. ҧҵáäʹ·ҧèҡû͹աӨѴѵپתջԷҾ͡˹仨ҡúѧѺ顮觤Ѵ 䡴ҹСäѧžɵͧ繼ѺԴͺ (Polluter Pays Principle: PPP) äǺɳâաӨѴѵپת ǺѺáӡѺâ鹷¹աӨѴѵپתǴԴҧЪҪ ੾ɵáмǹ ѧͧèѴäسҾûԺѵԷҧɵ÷Ѻת (GAP) ҤѧѺҧ͢Ѵѭʹ ҵáäسҾͧ (ThaiGAP) ҵðҹҤѤ кǹüԵõʹǧüԵʹ ɵáмʹżԵ㹵Ҵһա㹻դʹǡѺҴ͡ ҧкѺԴͺҹʹ㹡üԵШ˹¼ѡʴʹǧҵðҹ GAP 繡䡢鹾鹰ҹ͢¼ŷǻ 鹨ҡкһա㹻 ùмԵ㹻ȡ͹ 䡡âѺ͹ǢͧҤ͡ ͡ä觻Ѻ͢Ҥһա觻 ҤѰԷɵʵСþѲҺؤҡõʹǧüԵШ˹ зɵáüԵöշҧɵҧ١ͧ ʹżԵ繷ͧâͧҴ㹻еҧդʹþ

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