ûͧѹŴšзҹآҾҡç俿Ҫ

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ûͧѹŴšзҹآҾҡç俿Ҫ
ʶҹóѭмšз
.ת觾ѧҹҧ͡Ӥѭͧ ͧҡ繻ɵá ʴҧɵ͡ҡҡкǹüԵصˡɵ繨ӹǹҡ ӹѡҹɰԨɵ () §ҹһժŨҡʴҧɵ÷ , ѹ öԵ繾ѧҹ俿ҡ֧ , ѵ Ἱѧҹ᷹оѧҹҧ͡ (.. – ) ˹һʧѧҹ᷹ ͧѧҹ㹻㹻 ¡˹¾ѧҹ㹡üԵ俿 , ѵ (ѲҾѧҹ᷹͹ѡѧҹ, )
.֧ФüԵ俿Ҩҡ ҡŢͧӹѡºἹѧҹ зǧѧҹ ѹ¹ ç俿öԵТ俿俿ҽ¼Ե觻§ աѧüԵԴ , ѵ 觤Դ§ . ͧҳ俿ҷԵҹ 㹨ӹǹ ( ѵ) 㹡ç俿ҢҴ 㹡ç俿ҢҴҡ ( ѵ) ШҡŢͧзǧѧҹ㹻Ѩغѹç俿ҢҴҡա ç (ѧüԵ , ѵ) ҧ蹢͹ѵç ҡաèѴ÷վͻաôԹ͹㹻Ѩغѹ ҧšзФʹ͹ͻЪҪ
. ûСͺԨç俿ҪŷҴèѴФǺ ԴѭҼšзǴмšзآҾ žɨҡнͧԴäѹµآҾ 蹨ҡͧҷԴҡҪн蹨ҡͧԧѧҹ͹ ͼ 觢ͧͧͧЪҪͺç俿ʡá ջѭҹ觡ӢͧͧҡûСͺԨç俿ҵͧ繨ӹǹҡ ֡ҼšзآҾҡç俿Ҫ㹨ѧѴԹ»ЪҪС͢ (ѡԨª зӧҹѧҹ׹ѧѴԹ ŹԸԾѲҹ ) ѭҪǺҹҴŹѧҡç俿Ҫ㹾鹷 ջѭҡèҨ˹ö÷ءҡ зԴѭҶش ѧջѭҤʹ͹Ӥҭҡѭҡ §ѧ
. ҡš纻¢ͧЪҪç俿Ҩӹǹͧ 㹡ҧӹǹ äШӵǷЪҪҡش ä ( .) ͧŧҤäͺ״ ( . ) ä (.) 觨ӹǹ´ä դѹѺç俿 (p  .) ѧҼç俿ҡ 纤 Фͧ١Ӥ 㨢Ѵ/дǡ ʺ/ѡʺ/ᴧ ռ蹤ѹ 㹪ǧ ѻҹ ҡһЪҪҧ͡ (Ѫ ѹԨԵ ) 繨ӹǹҡ

ѭѡзҧͧ͡èѴûѭ
() ҴšзآҾ աäǺšзآҾҡç俿ҪŢҴӡ ѵ
.ԧҡͧҡԧʶҹТͧ ѡ÷١ҧ ֧ ҹǹžɫҨٻͧͧ (Particulate) աûҳóҡҪŨзԴͧҳ - ԡ͡ѵ俿ҷԵ ǹ˭բҴ硡 ͹ (PM) ͡䫴ͧਹ (NOx) ҳ – ԡ͡ѵ Сҫ͹͹͡䫴 (CO) ѧ㹤ѹҡҪѧСͺ仴ä͹ Դ ŴδФ⵹ Դ 㹡੾áͪ (PAH, Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons) ÷ǢͧѺԴ ູչ Ҵδ , ǵչ չ (Zhang and Smith, ) §ҹ֡Ҿ Ѻʤѹ俷ԴҡҪ͡÷Сͺ蹨зԴѹµآҾªԴ Фͧ͵кҧԹ Ŵ÷ӧҹͧʹ ԴäԴºѹкҧԹǹҧ äʹشѧ (COPD) äͺ״ ѳä зԴä移ʹ (Torres-Duque, et al., )
. ͧҴöҹ件֧ʹжاʹ š֡ҷš׹ѹҡѺռŵ͡纻´äк ä ԷҾ÷ӧҹͧʹŴŧ ѵҡªԵäʹ (WHO, ) ͡䫴ͧਹ繡ҫöǡѺ͹ǷԴô乵ԡ ķФͧкҧԹ ѺʨФͧͷҧԹ ҨҡӺҡ ˹͡ ʹպ äͺ״ǨѺ״¢ Դäʹ äʹ (WHO, ) ҫ͹͹͡䫴зҧ¢Ҵ͡ਹ §͡ä СԴҡ ѺдѺ٧зªԵҧǴ (WHO, ) ҡŢͧçҺآҾӺѡ еӺ 繾鹷ͺç俿ԭ ѺѡҨӹǹ , 繼´äҧԹҡش , Դ .% ͧѺѡ ʹͧѺŢͧçҺآҾӺ ҼѺѡ , 繼´äҧԹҡش , Դ .%
. ͡ҡç俿ҪѧǹԴҫ⫹ (O) Դ÷ӻԡҢͧҫ͡䫴ͧਹԴ鹨ҡԧšѺûСͺä͹ҡ ѹ¢ͧҫ⫹Ӥѭ ԴԴԢͧԵ ФͧкҧԹ ѵһ´äҧԹ ŴԷҾ÷ӧҹͧʹ ǹԴäͺ״ ä移ʹ ֧ѵҡªԵ㹡 (WHO, )
() ѭҡա§÷ͧ͢ç俿ҢҴӡ ѵСҧç㹺dzǡѹա§
. ҪѭѵѡҤسҾǴ ç俿ҪŷբҴ ѵ仵ͧ§ҹšзǴ (EIA, Environmental Impact Assessment) мšзآҾ (HIA, Health Impact Assessment) ǹç俿ҵ ѵ价੾§ҹšзǴ ֧ռСͺèӹǹҡªͧҧͧ´ѧ ¡èѴçç俿ҪŷբҴ . – . ѵ ҡŢͧӹѡҹºἹѧҹ㹻 çêŷʹ͢俿ҷ ç÷բҴ . - . ѵ ֧ ռСͺèӹǹ ¨ҡ 蹢ͻСͺԨ㹡ç俿ҢҴ (SPP) ¹繡Ҵҡ (VSPP) (ӹѡºἹѧҹ зǧѧҹ )
() ҴʹѺʹع෤շѹ
. 㹻ç俿ͺ෤ժԴ¡ Ẻҵç (directed burning) ෤շջԷҾҧž٧ ԷҾ㹡üԵ俿Ңͧкҳ - ҹ ֧աԧҳҡзԴžͧҡҡ仴 繵ͧաäǺžɫҨ¡äǺسҾͧԧ зӤѭ͵ͧػóѺӨѴžɷ 觤㹷ҧԺѵ еͧաäǺ÷ӧҹСúاѡк 觨觷ҡҡйѺç俿ҢҴ (Ѫ ѹԨԵ § ѹԨԵ )
. 㹢з෤ʫԿपѹ෤շҴ Դžɹ¡ ١ҷ 㹻Ѩغѹç俿ҷԵШк§ҹ鹷Թ෤չ ç俿ҫپչ͹ͨ Ӻ§ § ѧѴ§ ç俿ҴԹҵ .. աѧüԵ ѵ ԧ繫ѧ⾴ 駹ҨԴҡҴ֡ԨоѲ෤ҧԧѧͧ˹§ҹǢͧ աкǹʹѺʹعҡѰ (Ѫ ѹԨԵ § ѹԨԵ )
() ͧлЪҪǹ㹡͡㹡äǺç俿Ҫ
.㹻Ѩغѹ͡͹حҵСͺԨþѧҹ աкǹâ鹵͹ â͹حҵҧҤ㹾鹷 觷ҧͧúǹͧӹҨ㹡͹حҵ ǹ͡͹حҵСͺԨþѧҹ ӹҨ˹ҷͧСáӡѺԨþѧҹ 觡кǹâ͹حҵѧ ǹ˭ҴǹҡҤЪҪ çǹ˭ѡлЪѹҧҹѺ ҧ蹤ҹѧҹѺͧ աùʹʹҹź繼šзѺЪҪ աè٧ͧûͧǹͧ蹴ҹç͹ͧ蹨Ѻ ¢ŷ繼šзԴ鹡ѺЪҪ ֧ç俿ҷբҴ 硡ѵ ͧѴ§ҹšзǴ (EIA) кǹá˹ͺࢵ֡Ң ЪҪǹҧԧѧ § Ǻѷҵáûͧѹ ҡ鹡ѺþԨó͹حҵ кǹ÷ͧ蹨еѴԹҡԨùʹͧѺ鹷 ռšзҧáѺ ЪҪǹҡ ҡЪҪǹԧ 蹵ѴԹҪͧҧç俿 ա÷ӻЪҤ ջЪҪѴҹҧ ش¤СáӡѺԨþѧҹ ͹حҵ оԨóҼСͺԹõ鹵͹ ӤѭþԨóҤ ;ԨóҵѴԹ㨵ͧҧ繸 ԩй§ЪҪդҧ ֧к͡ЪҪǹ㹡õѴԹ㨡
.ҡͺԴ繢ͧǺҹͺç俿㹨ѧѴԨԵСᾧྪ (Ѫ ѹԨԵ ) һЪҪǹ˭ ( .) 繴¡Ѻç俿㹾鹷 § . ͺ繴 ͧ鹷繴ҡç俿ҷԴšзآҾ ջѭͧҡ սͧ (.%) ջѭͧ§ (.%) ç俿ҷԴѴҧ繴 繴 (.%) 鶹ҹشͧҡö÷ء – ͡ç俿 (.%) 㹢з . ͡ҵͧǹ㹡á˹ҵáäǺѭҷҨԴ鹨ҡç俿 . դͧǹ㹡á˹ҵáäǺѭҷҨԴ鹨ҡç俿 »ЪҪ . . ӴѺ͡ҷҹҼСͺç俿˹§ҹͧѰաèѴѭ (Ѫ ѹԨԵ )
.ѺҧἹѲҡѧԵ俿 繷Ңͧçç俿ҵҧ ç俿ҪŴ кҧἹ㹻ѨغѹἹѡ ἹѲҡѧԵ俿Ңͧ (Power Development Plan) 繡ҧἹдѺ բͨӡѴ㹴ҹǹСѺѧԴ
.ѧ鹻ЪҪ֧ѧ͡㹡¹зӤ㨷ҧ͡ҧ 㹡üԵ俿 ͷҧ͡㹴ҹ෤;鹷Ѻҧç俿 ǹ㹡ûԹšзҹآҾ ҡç俿ҢҴ˭ ѵ繵
() ҴáШ»ªҡþѲç俿Ҫɵá
.þѲҪ㹡üԵ俿 繡ŤѺѾҡ ҧ Ҥźҡҳ – ҷ͵ѹ ٧ҡ , ҷ͵ѹ㹻Ѩغѹ Żªҡźѧ çç俿Ҫǹ˭㹻Ѩغѹ͡ԧѡеѺçբШɵá 㹢з ѧ⾴ ҧ ͪ ѧѲ ѧк͡䡷Ѵਹ㹡觻ѹªҡѾҡêɵá ǹͧçç俿Ҫͧ 繺ѷ͡ ѧաԴҢͧͶҧ
. ѺͧعѲ俿Ңͧ㹾鹷ç俿 ѵػʧ㹡ÿ鹿ٷͧ蹷Ѻšзҡç俿 ѧҹع¹ Сǹҧҹ俿 (ҪѭѵԡûСͺԨþѧҹ ..)
. ѧ鹼ŻªҡþѲҪ繾ѧҹ俿 ѧк͡㹡áШ»ªɵá
() Ҵá˹ѡࡳ ҵðҹ ҹá˹鹷
. ֡ҧѧͧѧѴçç俿Ҫ һѨغѹ鹷çç俿Ҫǹҡ١˹繡Թɵáо鹷͹ѡ쪹ɵá աá˹繺dz੾зҧҡ Т͡˹ѧͧç俿Ҫ㹡Թѧդᵡҧѹҡͧ͹حҵç俿 ºҧѧѴբ͡˹Ԩç俿 㹺ҧѧѴբ
. ͡ҡ èѴصˡ оԨóҡ˹ 㹺dz㴹 ç俿Ҫ ١Ѵ觻çҹ觻çҹصˡ çҹԵ ͨ˹¾ѧҹ俿 Ԩç俿ҷءǴǡѹ ѡɳСüԵмšз ʹ鹷 ѾҡѵشԺͧç俿лդҧѹ ö١Ѵ㹡ǡѹþԨó͹حҵçҹ֧ҨСҧ Ѵਹ§͵͡þԨóҡ˹ª鹷ͼšз
º ҵá Ǣͧ
.Ἱѧҹ᷹оѧҹҧͧ͡зǧѧҹ ˹һʧѧҹ᷹ ͧѧҹ㹻㹻 ¡˹¾ѧҹ㹡üԵ俿 , ѵ (ѲҾѧҹ᷹͹ѡѧҹ, )
.зǧ Ѻ (.. ) ͡㹾Ҫѭѵçҹ .. ǴҴ ҾǴ ѡɳҤѡɳ㹢ͧçҹ СçҹӾǡ 㹡зǧաá˹ҧҧçáѺ §ҹѴ Ҥêش кҹ
.Сȡзǧصˡ ͧ ÷§ҹǡѺ֡ҵáûͧѹ䢼šзͤسҾǴФʹ .. ç俿ҪŶ١˹㹺ѭṺ»С ͪԴͧçҹѭշ¡зǧ (.. ) Ѻçҹ Ե ͨ˹¾ѧҹ俿 (ӴѺ ) Сͺ蹢Ѻ͹حҵСͺԨçҹ ͤӢѺ͹حҵçҹ
.ӹѡҹСáӡѺԨþѧҹ ˹§ҹѡ˹ҷ͡͹حҵСͺԨþѧҹ ѨغѹҧèѴ (ҧ) ѡûԺѵԧҹ (Code of practice : COP) 觨ǷҧѺСͺüԵ俿ҷաѧüԵԴ駵ӡ ѵ 觨ö˹ҵáûͧѹ䢼šзǴ ҵáõԴǨͺšзǴҧҵðҹǡѹ ͺáҧ Сҧ дԹ ʹóշաͶ͹Ҥúҧǹͷ
.ҪѭѵѡҤسҾǴ ˹ç俿ҪŷբҴ ѵ仵ͧ§ҹšзǴ (EIA) мšзآҾ (HIA) ç俿ҵ ѵ价੾§ҹšзǴ ֧ռСͺèӹǹҡªͧҧͧ´ѧ ¡èѴçç俿ҪŷբҴ . – . ѵ
.ػ 觾ѧҹҧ͡Ӥѭͧ ѧջѭҷԴšзǴآҾͧЪҪ 觨繨еͧҵáǷҧͧѹФǺšзآҾ ǷҧоѲࡳҵðҹá˹鹷 èѴüšз੾Шҡç俿ҢҴѧüԵӡ ѵ ෤շջԷҾžɵ áШӹҨ㹡äǺç俿 ҵáС䡷ЪҪ㹾鹷ǹ㹡õѴԹФǺôԹҹͧç俿 ʹդǷҧ֡ҼšзآҾҡç俿Ҫ

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